bicycle touring Pamir Highway
Pamir Highway Route Map

Pamir Highway Route Profile

#1: It's gonna be tough...

But not so tough most moderately fit bicycle travelers can’t hack it. What counts most is commitment and a willingness to put up with some pain.

The Pamir Highway traverses harsh and unforgiving landscape. It’s both beautiful and bleak but rarely easy when you’re traveling on two wheels.

It’s one of the world’s highest roads, playing second fiddle only to the nearby Karakorum Highway linking Pakistan with China.

Majestic Ak-Baital Pass, topping out at 4,655 meters (15,272 ft) is the highest point of the lung-bursting route. If you’ve never cycled that high, don’t worry--it’s doable!

Most of the climbs are long with a fairly gentle gradient most of the way. It’s usually just the final four or five kilometers that will test your mettle.

The Pamirs are tough on the body and the bike. We busted a derailleur on the first pass and Eric had to limp all the way to Khorog with just two gears.

You will not find a single well-stocked bike shop in the Pamirs. We were able to buy a cheap Chinese made replacement derailleur at the market in Khorog (cost: $3) but let’s just say it wasn’t premium quality.

Lots of cyclists break derailleurs and racks in the Pamirs. Be sure your bike is in good condition before hitting the high mountains. Bishkek has some decent bike shops, including Gergert Sports on Gorky Street, where you can purchase quality Shimano parts and tires. Dushanbe is rather lacking in quality bike shops, but you can rustle up most spare parts at the bazaar. Check out Caravanistan for a full list of bike shops in Central Asia.

#2 It’s a lonely landscape, but you probably won’t be alone.

Over the past few years, cycling the Pamir Highway has become increasingly popular. July and August are particularly busy with European vacation cyclists. And of course, the Pamirs are a part of most multi-year touring cyclists’ itineraries.

Don’t get me wrong. This is not Eurovelo 6 or the TransAmerica Trail, but you’ll probably stumble across at least one group of bicycle travelers each day.

Even more common are leather-clad motorcyclists on monster machines and hearty overlanders in Land Cruisers blazing across the wide open terrain.

If you want to meet up with fellow cyclists, the most popular hangout is the Pamir Lodge in Khorog. Be warned, it’s a steep climb from the city center.

You don't need any special route finding skills in the Pamirs. It is helpful to download the app if you're bike touring in the Pamirs. Shops, water points, guest houses and camping spots are marked throughout the region.

#3 The camping is unforgettable

You can pitch your tent pretty much anywhere in the Pamirs. With stupendous mountain views and starry skies, you’re almost guaranteed an unforgettable experience. Even in mid-summer, temps can plummet to freezing, so be sure to pack a suitable sleeping bag. The only real downside to camping in the Pamirs is the wind. Often you’ll be camping in wide open spaces with little protection, so cooking and even pitching your tent can be a challenge. Luckily, the winds seem to calm during the night before picking up mid-morning.

If camping's not your thing, don't worry beacause there are many homestays and guesthouses in the Pamirs. We met one German couple who did the entire route without sleeping in their tent a single night. That said, you should definitely pack a tent and carry extra food just to be safe.

#4 Head east and you'll be happier

No matter which direction you’re traveling, you’re bound to get hit with some wind. But the general consensus is that those heading east have it easier. The climbs are also a bit gentler in that direction and you’ll save the highest pass (Ak Baital Pass,  4,655 meters/15,272 ft) for near the end when you’ll be fitter and better acclimatized.

#5 Nobody comes for the cuisine (but you’re not going to starve)

If you’re keen to shed a few pounds, the Pamir Highway’s distinctive dearth of taste temptations will help you along.
Fortunately, the food situation seems to be improving as tourism in Central Asia develops.

If self-catering’s not your thing, it’s possible to take breakfast and dinner at a homestay. You’ll usually get some sort of meat concoction with perhaps some potatoes thrown in. Breakfast might be some porridge, bread, tea and perhaps a boiled egg. Fresh yogurt is a common snack.
Some cyclists complain that portions are too small. Hosts are fairly used to vegetarians guests and can usually whip up something meat-free if requested.

If you’re self-catering, the best spots to stock up are in Dushanbe, Khoorg, and Murghab (limited supplies, pricey).
You can also find a fair selection of foodstuffs in Kulab, Kala-i-Khumb, and Darvaz.

In a pinch, you can get limited supplies in Bulunkul, Alichur, Murghab, and Karakul. Those cycling the Wahkan Corridor can find limited supplies in Ishkashim, Vrang, and Langar.

The home functioning as the local shop made not be obvious, so you’ll have to ask locals to point you in the right direction The word to use is ‘Magazin.’

Village shops are not exactly bursting with food. At a minimum, count on finding cookies, Snickers bars, and some noodles. Bread is not always easy to get and oats for your porridge are really tough to find.

#6 The Wakhan isn’t exactly off the beaten track

Sticking to the official Pamir Highway used to be the default route for most bicycle travelers in the Pamirs. Recently that’s changed, and it seems more cyclists actually bike the Wakhan corridor than the official M41. Locals in Wakhan do a good job catering to cyclists and you’ll find plenty of guesthouses and a few scattered tea houses. At the tourist office in Khorog (conveniently located in the city park), you can pick up a list of all the guest houses in the Wakhan Valley.


#7 Safer than you might imagine

You may have noticed that a long section of the Pamir Highway runs along the Afghan border. With all the kidnappings, car bombs, and killings, Afghanistan hardly has a stellar reputation for security. Fortunately, those difficulties do not appear to have spilled over into neighboring Tajikistan.

Even the overly-cautious US State Department only advises normal precautions when traveling to Tajikistan. So rest easy, nobody’s likely to nab a scruffy cyclist on a beat-up bike in the mountains.

#8 Central Asia visas are no longer a nightmare!

Most travelers from Western countries can now apply for their Tajikistan visa online.

It’s a surprisingly simple and straightforward process. Just fill out the online visa application, pay for your visa online using a credit card, then wait for your visa acceptance email. Next, print out the visa and show this at the border crossing.

The cost of the Tajikistan e-visa is $50 and you will be allowed to stay for 45 days.

You will also need a GBAO permit to cycle in the Pamirs. The GBAO permit costs $20 and can also be applied for online using the same website

The Kyrgyzstan entry process is even easier. Most travelers will receive 60 days entry at the border, no paperwork to fill out in advance.

Border crossings were hassle-free for us, but we have heard of some less-than-honest officials at the Tajikistan border with Kyrgyzstan. Best not to leave your valuables unattended with soldiers lurking about.

#9 Hospitality reigns

The Pamirs are a very popular bike touring destinations. Many Europeans cycle Central Asia during their summer holidays and anyone on a long bike trip will surely squeeze it into their tour at some point. Given the steady stream of bike travelers, you might imagine locals would have grown tired of the small-scale tourist invasion. Not in the least. People are friendly and welcoming, just as though you’re the first cycle tourist they’ve ever encountered.

You’ll be invited for tea several times daily and kids will line the road for high-fives.

And if you’re stuck in a jam on a mountain pass, the local road maintenance guy will surely invite you into his home to spend the night.

Giving money in exchange for hospitality is not something I usually advocate (it can easily come off as insulting and offensive and may set a bad precedent for future travelers). But the people of the Pamirs really are very poor, and feeding a few cyclists during the summer can be a drain on the family budget. Slipping a few bills into the hand of your host as you say goodbye will surely be appreciated.

9 Things to Know about Cycling the Pamir Highway

5 thoughts on “9 Things to Know about Cycling the Pamir Highway

  • July 27, 2018 at 5:34 AM

    Some more information on the Pamirs:
    Two alternate routes to the main highway or Wakhan valley road.

    Bartang valley
    The Bartang is one of the least traveled alternate routes and you will rarely come across others who have pedaled it.
    The road runs nearly 300 km through the Bartang valley and is notoriously bad in sections. There are also a number of river crossings and it is advised to ask beforehand if the road is passable.

    The scenery differs from the main M41 highway. The M41 has expansive views over the Pamir plateau whereas much of the Bartang road leads through a narrow valley.

    To get an idea of the road quality and scenery you can view Wlasnadroga’s flickr albums

    Plus Dorothea and Piotreks blog pictures

    After viewing photos from the Bartang and the M41 main Pamir highway we chose to ride the M41 for two reasons; the scenery and road quality. We preferred the more expansive views over the Pamir plateau from the M41. Plus the majority of the M41 is paved (albeit badly in places) so we could stare at the surrounding scenery while riding instead of staring at our front wheel, trying to find the best route through rocky and sandy sections. If you are more into mountain biking and prefer to “engage with the terrain” then the Bartang will be right up your alley.

    It’s also important to note that there is a 2,000 m elevation gain from the beginning of the Bartang route at Rushon to where it joins the Pamir highway at Karakul. From Karakul the paved Pamir highway descends all the way down to Osh, Kyrgyzstan. So the biggest factor in deciding which direction you wish to travel it is whether you prefer to pedal uphill on the ‘bad’ (Bartang road) or descend on it.

    Mathew Crompton pedaled from Karakul to Rushon using a bikepacking setup

    Lars Bengtson (swedish language) rode the Bartang up to Karakul with Elvira a full pannier setup. Another fully-loaded cyclist travels the Bartang

    Shakhdara valley
    The Shakhdara valley is another rarely traveled route. It starts in Khorog. Arne Welzel, Peter Gostelow and Bill Weir have pedaled it.

    We arrived in Sarey Tash with headaches and shortness of breath due to the altitude (3,000m) and ended up spending extra days there acclimatizing. We could have left after one day but decided that staying a couple of days more would leave us feeling better.

    More information on acclimatizing and altitude sickness can be found here.

    You can also take diamox pills to help acclimatize. We didn’t take them but have used them on a previous trip through the Himalayas.

    Some cyclists recommend heading from Khorog to Osh instead of the other way around since in that direction the climbs are more gradual and it leaves the highest point, the Ak Baital pass, for near the end.

    Electricity to re-charge your electronics

    Electricity isn’t reliable in most Tajikistan villages on the M41 and in some places it will only be available for a few hours per day.

    We were able to re-charge our camera batteries in the Pamir hotel in Murgab. I’ve also heard of cyclists who have managed to re-charge their batteries in guesthouses that have generators.

    Road quality
    Most of the M41 is paved with the exception of:
    Koitezek pass: 20 km of rough dirt over the pass.
    Ak Baital pass: The last kilometers before the top are unpaved. This is the highest pass on the M41 at 4,655 meters and the climb is mainly a gentle gradient until the last couple of kilometers before the summit.

    Kyzylart pass: it’s 20 km of dirt road.
    Note: after the Kyzyl art (heading towards Dushanbe) the M41 lies in the ‘rain shadow’ of the Pamir mountains and you enter an arid desert. So you will rarely have problems with wet/slippery roads.

    But rain and snowstorms regularly hit the Kyzylart on the Kyrgyz side – and turn the pass into a sticky mess.

    When we headed up it in June, the road was dry. But when we headed back down it later in the season the road had turned into mud. We slid down the pass and our bike wheels and brakes became encased in the wet clay.

    If you get caught in a snowstorm on the Kyzylart, there is a family living near the summit. The husband operates the snowplow to clear the pass and a number of cyclists have taken meals and refuge in their home.

    Note: visa requirements can change from one day to the next. The website publishes the latest information on Tajikistan visas here and Kyrgyzstan visas here

    We brought in enough U.S. dollars to last for our whole time in Tajikistan.’s page on the latest money situation in Tajikistan

    In Kyrgyzstan, the major cities such as Bishkek and Osh have functioning ATM’s.’s page on the money situation in Kyrgyzstan

    Phone and internet
    Mathew Crompton bought a Tajikistan SIM card and gives more information here’s page on phone and internet in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan

    We bought a SIM card in Kyrgyzstan but not in Tajikistan since we heard that the internet phone connection there would be terribly slow.

    You don’t need a GPS for the Pamir highway and the Wakhan valley. There is only one road and even though there isn’t a sign marking the turnoff to the Wakhan valley – it’s still quite obvious. If you want to try some off-road cycling to the more remote places, consider using a GPS. The routes to outlying villages are via jeep tracks and as soon as the main track becomes too rutted the locals create new ones. When we rode from Bulun Kul Lake back to Alichur, we regularly checked our GPS to find out if we were still on the “correct” jeep track.

    Further information Information on cycling the highway in the winter. Extra information we wrote on pedaling the Pamirs during the summer months. Our own website. Check out the ‘Panoramas’ if you want to get an idea of the scenery alongside the highway.

    • August 3, 2018 at 3:03 PM

      Thanks, Grace, for all of this incredibly helpful info about cycling the Pamir Highway.

  • July 30, 2018 at 3:26 PM

    You should rewrite #7 after the news of today.

    • August 3, 2018 at 3:05 PM

      The tragic deaths of round the world cyclists Lauren Geoghegan and Jay Austin of the United States, Markus Hummel, from Switzerland, and Rene Wokke of the Netherlands have brought great shock and sorrow to the bicycle touring community.⁣

      Their precious lives were cut short by a brutal act of terrorism. I know we all feel deep sadness and want to express our condolences to their families and friends.⁣

      Bicycle travelers search for beauty in our planet’s landscapes and within its people.⁣

      I’m certain these four cyclists found such beauty in Tajikistan and in all the countries they toured.⁣

      There are many good people in this world. And a few incredibly evil ones.⁣

      I refuse to let this horrific incident color my view of Tajikistan. Or the world.⁣

      Rene, Markus, Jay and Lauren will not be forgotten. And the attackers will not be successful in their attempt to instill fear.

  • October 4, 2019 at 7:57 AM

    Some extra information for those who are trying to choose which route to take between Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan and Osh (the start of the Pamir highway).

    The 2 main routes that cyclists ride are:

    The dirt back road via Kazarman. From other bicycle travelers we heard that the road was “truly horrible.” It’s been described as “type-2 fun”. It’s only afterwards that the long-distance cyclists (who ride road bikes) were happy they took it. (“Very memorable” they said…) But those who ride mountain bikes with wider tires seem to enjoy it.

    The main paved road via Toktogul and Karakol. It’s the route we took. Parts of it had a good shoulder. Unfortunately, there was also a disadvantage to this route that we weren’t aware of beforehand. We figured that there wouldn’t be much traffic (especially truck traffic) on this road since it’s not the shortest route between the major cities of Bishkek, Tashkent, Samarkand and Dushanbe.

    The shortest route is via the A2 through Kazakhstan. Yet leaving Bishkek, all of the truck drivers seemed to be turning at Kara Balta, to head through Kyrgyzstan instead of Kazakhstan. Why they did this – we don’t know.

    For us, we felt the level of traffic between Kara Balta and Taskomur was “o.k.” By that we mean it wasn’t dangerous yet it also wasn’t ‘enjoyable’ cycling either.
    After Taskomur, the traffic picked up and the shoulder disappeared. Not only that, the side of the road was full of large pebbles which immediately halted our bikes when we left the road. At a certain point, we felt that this was too dangerous – so we ended hitching a ride in a truck to Osh.


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